Indicators of the basic public education in Peru


In Peru several evaluations about the quality of the basic education have been developed. These evaluations were developed in rural and urban areas.

First of all, it is very important to mention that basic education in Peru has three levels. The first level is pre school, students that attend this level are 3, 4 or 5 years of age. The second level is the primary school, usually students are six years old in this level.  Primary school starts when children are 6 years of age. The third level is the secondary school, students study in this level five years.

In order to know the quality of the education, the Ministry of Education in Peru developed a national evaluation. This was developed in 2004. The main results about this evaluation were the following:

1. In the second grade of primary education, 15,1% of students got a good performance in reading comprehension.  15,2%  of school girls got a good performance and 15,1% of school boys got the same level of performance.  9,5% of students from public schools got a good performance and 48,5% students from private schools got a good performance . This means that more or less half of students of private schools got a very good performance. According to urban and rural standards, 14,5% of students of urban areas got a good performance and 2,5% of students of rural areas got a good performance. Therefore the bad performance in primary school is focused on public schools and rural schools.

2. In the second grade of primary education, 9,6% of students got a good performance in math.  8,3% of girls got a good performance and 10,9% of boys got a good performance . 6,1% of students from public schools got a good performance and 30,4% students from private schools got a good performance. According to urban and rural standards, 8,8% of students of urban areas got a good performance and 2,4% of students of rural areas got a good performance. Therefore the bad performance in primary school is focused on public schools and rural schools.

As we can see, the last national evaluation was developed in 2004. After this date we do not have additional information on the performance of the students. Last year, Peru participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). In this evaluation 280 secondary schools were evaluated (schools with 15 years of age students). The evaluation was about reading comprehension. In Peru there is a lot of expectation about the results of the PISA. In 2001, the results from PISA were very bad for Peru.  But lately the Ministry of Education and other organizations implemented different projects and programs to improve the quality of the education.

You can see the countries that participated in PISA 2009 here

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